Home Healthy Article Health Topics Drug Safety Drug information News Health Video

Infectious Disease | Germs | MedlinePlus

Infectious Disease | Germs | MedlinePlus

Germs, or microbes, are found everywhere - in the air, soil, and water. There are also germs on your skin and in your body. Many of them are harmless, and some can even be helpful. But some of them can make you sick. Infectious diseases are diseases that are caused by germs.

There are many different ways that you can get an infectious disease:

  • Through direct contact with a person who is sick. This includes kissing, touching, sneezing, coughing, and sexual contact. Pregnant mothers can also pass some germs along to their babies.
  • Through indirect contact, when you touch something that has germs on it. For example, you could get germs if someone who is sick touched a door handle, and then you touch it.
  • Through insect or animal bites
  • Through contaminated food, water, soil, or plants

There are four main kinds of germs:

  • Bacteria - one-celled germs that multiply quickly. They may give off toxins, which are harmful chemicals that can make you sick. Strep throat and urinary tract infections are common bacterial infections.
  • Viruses - tiny capsules that contain genetic material. They invade your cells so that they can multiply. This can kill, damage, or change the cells and make you sick. Viral infections include HIV/AIDS and the common cold.
  • Fungi - primitive plant-like organisms such as mushrooms, mold, mildew, and yeasts. Athlete's foot is a common fungal infection.
  • Parasites - animals or plants that survive by living on or in other living things. Malaria is an infection caused by a parasite.

Infectious diseases can cause many different symptoms. Some are so mild that you may not even notice any symptoms, while others can be life-threatening. There are treatments for some infectious diseases, but for others, such as some viruses, you can only treat your symptoms. You can take steps to prevent many infectious diseases:



Credit Data from : https://medlineplus.gov/

Tags #Disorders and Conditions #Infections

Youtube Video Ralated of Infectious Disease | Germs | MedlinePlus

UCSF Infectious Disease Specialist Weighs in On Omicron COVID Variant

By KPIX CBS SF Bay Area Published at 2021-11-30T01:55:57Z

UCSF Infectious Disease Specialist Weighs in On Omicron COVID Variant .

View

Duke infectious disease specialist speaks about 'worst case' of omicron COVID-19 variant

By CBS 17 Published at 2021-11-30T04:13:32Z

Duke infectious disease specialist speaks about 'worst case' of omicron COVID-19 variant .

View

Infectious Diseases Overview, Animation

By Alila Medical Media Published at 2021-10-27T16:40:33Z

Infectious Diseases Overview, Animation .

View

32. Infectious Disease, Viruses, and Bacteria

By MIT OpenCourseWare Published at 2020-05-12T15:44:43Z

32. Infectious Disease, Viruses, and Bacteria .

View

Q&Answers: UC Davis Infectious Disease Expert Talks New Coronavirus Variant

By CBS Sacramento Published at 2021-11-30T00:40:59Z

Q&Answers: UC Davis Infectious Disease Expert Talks New Coronavirus Variant .

View

The future of infectious diseases. | Paul Cosford | TEDxUoChester

By TEDx Talks Published at 2019-05-01T19:42:51Z

The future of infectious diseases. | Paul Cosford | TEDxUoChester .

View

JFK Memorial Hospital's infectious disease physician discusses the Omicron variant

By KESQ NewsChannel 3 Published at 2021-11-30T04:00:04Z

JFK Memorial Hospital's infectious disease physician discusses the Omicron variant .

View

Next phase of eased restrictions delayed by two weeks | Coronavirus | 9 News Australia

By 9 News Australia Published at 2021-11-29T23:32:52Z

Next phase of eased restrictions delayed by two weeks | Coronavirus | 9 News Australia .

View